How we help Get support SEN and disability law SEN and disability statute law, regulations and guidance SEN and disability statute law, regulations and guidance In some cases, the law has been updated since it came into effect. The links below are likely to be to the original versions of the law. You should check whether the law you need has been updated on the government site which shows changes to legislation. For all children and young people with special educational needs and disabilities, including those with EHC plans: The law is contained in the following places: The Children and Families Act (“CAFA”) 2014 is statute law. It is legally binding which means that the LA and schools must comply with it or else they are acting unlawfully. Part 3 of the CAFA 2014 contains all the relevant sections about children and young people with SEN and disabilities. The Special Educational Needs and Disability Regulations 2014 are the main set of Regulations underpinning the CAFA 2014. There have been some amendments made to these Regulations which you should read alongside them. Together they provide information to support the law contained within the CAFA 2014. They are also legally binding. The Special Educational Needs (Personal Budgets) Regulations 2014. This is a special set of Regulations dealing with personal budgets and direct payments. The Regulations have been amended since 2014 and you should check here to see what changes have been made. See the section on personal budgets and direct payments for more information. Check here to see what changes have been made to the above Act and Regulations since they came into force. The law is set out and expanded upon in SEN and Disability Code of Practice (the “Code”). This Code provides much more detail on the legal framework relating to special educational needs and disabilities. Wherever in the Code it says an LA, school or college must do something, then it is referring to compulsory obligations which are set out in the CAFA 2014 or the Special Educational Needs and Disability Regulations 2014. Wherever the Code says an LA or other entity should do something, this is statutory guidance. The Code is not law. If there is any difference in what CAFA and the Code says the CAFA takes precedence. For the law relating to disability discrimination: Children and young people with special educational needs may also be considered disabled. There are some situations where disabled people are subjected to direct or indirect discrimination. For more information see our section on disability discrimination. The Equality Act 2010 Equality Act 2010 (Disability Regulations) 2010 Check here to see what changes have been made since the Act and Regulations came into force. For the law relating to exclusion from schools: Children and young people with special educational needs and/or disabilities are at greater risk of exclusion from schools or post-16 institutions. For more information see our section on exclusions. If you think your child may have been unfairly excluded because of their disability, see our section on disability discrimination. Statute law Education Act 2011 – this is the main statute which sets out what a school should do when excluding a pupil. Education Act 2002 – this Act covers a wide range of topics, but section 52 still contains the basic power of head teachers to exclude a pupil from school, and it also contains provisions relating to the power of staff at school to search pupils. Education and Inspections Act 2006 – this Act extended the law on schools’ power to discipline and makes parents responsible for ensuring their excluded child is not in a public place during the first five days of any exclusion. It also sets out the obligation on schools to arrange full time educational provision for pupils who have been excluded for a fixed term, while LAs have this responsibility where pupils have been permanently excluded. Check here to see what changes have been made since the above Acts came into force. Key regulations School Discipline (Pupil Exclusions and Reviews) (England) Regulations 2012 (SI 2012/1033) – this contains detailed provisions about exclusions, and applies to maintained schools, pupil referral units and Academies. Education (Provision of Full time Education for Excluded Pupils (England) Regulations 2012 – this sets out more detail on schools’ and LA’s obligations to provide education for excluded pupils. Check here to see what changes have been made since the above Regulations came into force. Statutory guidance Exclusion from maintained schools, Academies and pupil referral units in England – this is the main statutory guidance which is divided into sections dealing with different aspects and each section is divided into two parts. In each case the first part sets out what the law is, derived from the relevant statutes and regulations, and the second part sets out the statutory guidance. Alternative Provision statutory guidance for local authorities – this guidance is for local authorities, schools, Academies, pupil referral units and alternative provision settings about the use and inspection of alternative provision: Non-statutory guidance and departmental advice To the extent any of the following contradicts the statute, regulations or statutory guidance, it has no effect. However, the following guidance and advice may be useful for parents/carers of pupils at risk of exclusion: Behaviour and discipline in schools – guidance for headteachers and staff, and guidance for governing bodies Drug advice for schools – advice for local authorities, headteachers, school staff and governing bodies September 2012 Searching, screening and confiscation – advice for headteachers, school staff and governing bodies Use of reasonable force – advice for headteachers, staff and governing bodies For examples of cases applying the laws set out above, see our case law page.