There are a number of steps you will need to take to prepare for the hearing.

Once the appeal has been registered, you will need to make sure you copy anything you send to the SEND Tribunal to the local authority (“LA”). The LA need to see any evidence you submit or any applications you make to the Tribunal. Similarly, the LA must send you copies of any evidence or correspondence they send to the SEND Tribunal. This is because the parties are meant to be sharing information in order to resolve the dispute, not hiding facts from each other.

If you want to make changes to your appeal or communicate with the SEND Tribunal during the course of the appeal, then you should use the Request for Changes form. You can download this from the SEND Tribunal site. You can use the Request for Changes form to, for example, request that a deadline is extended, ask the Tribunal to make an order, or change any information you previously submitted (for example, if you want to bring another witness).

Case management

If the case is complex or there are issues which need to be sorted out before the hearing, you may be asked to have a telephone case management hearing. A case management hearing is an opportunity for the SEND Tribunal to consider any preliminary issues which need to be sorted out before the hearing can be held – for example, whether further assessments need to be carried out, or where one party wants to postpone the hearing and the other does not. It may also be an opportunity to narrow down the issues in dispute.

If there is a matter which needs to be resolved before the hearing, you can make a request for a telephone case management hearing using the Request for Changes form.

Evidence

It is important to obtain any written evidence as soon as you can. It is best to send in all your written evidence with your appeal form because this means you have the main substance of the case set out with supporting evidence right from the start and you may discover more about the LA’s arguments if it is able to respond fully. If you have a good case and evidence, the LA may give in rather than fight the appeal.

If you think you need to send in evidence later in the process, tell the SEND Tribunal what you expect to obtain and when, and submit it by the evidence deadline you are given.

If you are having difficulty getting information which is relevant to your case from the LA, you can use the Request for Changes form to write to the SEND Tribunal explaining what the document is and ask the SEND Tribunal for a ‘direction’ to make the LA release the document. Unless the LA has a good reason for not providing the document the SEND Tribunal will order the LA to release it. 

If you are eligible for legal aid, this could cover the cost of obtaining independent assessments and reports. See the page on where to get help for more information.

If you know that an assessment or report will not be available until after the evidence deadline then you need to let the SEND Tribunal know and seek an extension (again using the Request for Changes form). It is possible to apply for late evidence to be submitted after this deadline, including bringing late evidence on the day, but it will be up to the SEND Tribunal as to whether or not this should be accepted. It is always best to tell them in advance.

Witnesses

Both parties will need to notify the SEND Tribunal who will be attending the hearing using the Attendance Form. This will be sent out with the registration letter, which will also contain the deadline by which this needs to be submitted.

You should call witnesses who will be able to give evidence relevant to your case. It will normally be helpful to have someone from the child or young person’s school or college (such as the SENCO or head teacher). If you want a particular school to be named in the EHC plan, you will need someone from that school to attend. If there is a dispute about the level of the child or young person’s needs, it may be helpful to have a professional witness such as, for example, a speech and language therapist who has worked with the child or young person.

All witnesses will be asked by the SEND Tribunal about the facts of the case. They are not meant to be arguing one ‘side’ or the other. You shouldn’t worry if someone from the child or young person’s school or college is asked to attend as a witness by the LA; it does not mean that they are on the LA’s side.

Parties may appoint a representative (whether a legal representative or not), who can act as a representative or otherwise assist in presenting the party’s case at the hearing. This person will not count as a witness, but you should include them on the Attendance Form and explain they will be representing or assisting you at the hearing.

 

For more information on specific types of appeal see the sections about refusal to assess appeals and appeals about the contents of an EHC plan.

If you can’t find the answer to your question, you can book an appointment to speak with us.